5 Tiger Species That Will Become Rare Animals – The tiger is one of the animals that has a large size that can prey on its prey easily. The tiger is a species of big cat with the largest size in the world. These solitary animals with orange and black stripes are scattered only around the Asian continent and are top predators in their habitat.
One of the sad facts about these animals is that their numbers have steadily dwindled in the last century. During this time, three of the nine subspecies of the tiger have become extinct. To this day, only six tiger subspecies are still roaming the wild. That too with a very worrying amount.
1. Bengal tiger
Bengal tiger or bengal tiger spread in several countries such as India, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. Thanks to its wide distribution, the population of the Bengal tiger is the largest of all the remaining tiger subspecies today, accounting for almost half of the total tiger population worldwide.
According to the Tigers World website, the Bengal tiger can be recognized by its thick legs, strong teeth and jaws, and the motifs on its yellow to light orange ‘fur coat’ and white on its belly and legs. The motif is complemented by grayish black stripes running all over its body to the tail that is shaped like a ring.
2. Amur tiger or Siberian tiger
The tiger with the Latin name Panthera tigris altaica is a tiger subspecies as well as the largest cat species in the world. Siberian tigers are scattered in eastern Russia and a small number are believed to be found in China and North Korea.
It was nearly extinct in the 1940s with only fifty individuals remaining in the wild. Now the population of the Amur tiger began to increase with a population of more than five hundred individuals in the wild.
On the Wildcats Conservation Alliance page, it is stated that the special feature of this tiger is that it is a lighter orange color than other tiger subspecies. Not only that, the fur coat on this tiger is also longer. Their mane is also thicker coupled with the additional hair on the legs that are useful for dealing with the cold climate in their natural habitat.
3. Indochinese tiger
The Indochinese tiger or commonly called the Corbett tiger is a tiger that had spread in several countries such as southwest China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia. Although scattered in many countries, it turns out that the population of this tiger in the wild is no more than 400 individuals.
Quoted from the Tigers World page, the Indochinese tiger is a small tiger, but not the smallest of the other six subspecies. The coat color of this tiger is at first glance similar to other tigers.
It’s just that, if you look at it in more detail, the orange color of this tiger is darker and more golden. In addition, the stripes on this tiger are also thinner than other subspecies.
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4. South China Tiger
The South China tiger, which was first recognized in 1905, has many similarities to the Bengal tiger, but is smaller in size. They are included in the list of the most endangered animals in the world. In fact, the South China tiger has actually been declared extinct in the wild and currently only a few are left in captivity.
According to the Tigers World page, the South China tiger is one of the smallest tigers, but still bigger than the Sumatran tiger. Their coat fur is more yellowish with black stripes that are thinner and longer than that of the Bengal tiger.
5. Malayan tiger
In the past, the Malayan tiger was considered to be the same subspecies as the Indochinese tiger. Until 2004 they were only recognized as a separate subspecies of the Indochinese tiger.
This tiger’s distribution area is quite narrow, which is only around Peninsular Malaysia and at the southern tip of Thailand. Their narrow distribution is also directly proportional to the habitat pocket that has more than fifty Malayan tigers in it, quoted from National Geographic. However, the current population of these tigers ranges from 200-300 individuals in the wild.