Mysterious Animals That Live in the Amazon River – As we now know a lot that there are already many sea and land animals that we can meet that are already known to many people. Our earth is divided into various types of vegetation. Each region in it certainly has a wealth of natural resources as well as a diversity of flora and fauna.
One area that seems mysterious until now is the Amazon. This great wilderness in the Americas is also called Amazonia or the Amazon Basin, which covers an area of 5.5 million square kilometers. With that area, the Amazon forest is included in the area of nine countries, namely Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.
Within this tropical rain forest, there is also a river that is known for its trademark, namely the winding downstream to upstream path along 6,992 kilometers.
1. Black Caiman Crocodile
The first animal that lives in the Amazon river is the Black Caiman Crocodile. This is a kind of large crocodile whose body can grow as long as 5 meters.
Black Caiman is a predator that usually preys on birds, fish, reptiles, and other mammals. His slow and careful movements make his victims often unaware that he is being threatened.
Unfortunately, these animals are hunted for their skin. Its population is threatened to make this animal which has the Latin name Melanosuchus niger included in a protected species.
2. Arapaima Fish
Second, there is a large carnivorous fish named Arapaima whose body can grow up to 3 meters, and weighs about 90 kilograms.
At first glance, it looks like an arowana fish, but the Arapaima fish is smaller for the front body, and has a characteristic greenish black scale. These fish eat small fish, crustaceans, and land animals that come close to the river area.
Scarcity also threatens Arapaima fish because many people hunt it for its tongue which is believed to be used as medicine. Previously, fishing was allowed by the government with certain rules. But now the number continues to decrease due to over-exploitation.
3. Electric Eel
Although the name is electric eel or electric eel, in fact this type of animal is a knife fish (knife fish). Muddy river areas and parts of the river with calm currents are the points where this animal is found.
Be careful, yes, because anyone who threatens the existence of electric eels will feel electric shocks with low to high voltages. Its ability to sting is also used to hunt its prey, namely invertebrate animals, small mammals, and fish.
The color of the Amazon electric eel is dark gray with a slight brownish tinge on the back, and yellow or orange on the belly. The length can reach 2 meters, you know!
Also Read : This is A Land Animal That is Good at Swimming
4. Amazon River Dolphins
If in Indonesia there are freshwater dolphins in the Mahakam River in Kalimantan, then in the Amazon you can find other mammals, namely freshwater dolphins.
Animals that live in the Amazon river have the Latin name Inia geoffrensis, and there are three other sub-species. It can weigh up to 185 kilograms, and be more than 2.5 meters long. Uniquely, the pink color adorns the lower body of this dolphin.
Its presence often appears in the Amazon river basin. The types of animals they prey on are quite varied, ranging from crabs, various fish, to river turtles.
5. Giant Otter
The giant otter with the Latin name Pteronura brasiliensis is a meat-eating mammal with a body length of up to 1.7 meters.
One of the animals that live in the Amazon river is living in groups, with members of three to eight tails, and really likes to be on the banks of the river.
They are usually active during the day, preying on any animal that is around the river. Such as fish, snakes, crabs, turtles, and other animals. Its declining population also makes it on the list of endangered animals.